Civil society is broadly defined as the arena of uncoerced collective action around shared interests, purposes, and values. It is distinct from family, state, and market but intersects with all three. Civil society organizations draw upon the capabilities of citizens to address social and economic issues beyond the purview of government and the private sector.
Such organizations take the form of grassroots associations, non-governmental organizations, philanthropic foundations, social movements, and advocacy groups. They are responsible for providing a range of services, including healthcare, education, environmental protection, civic engagement, and human rights.
Civil society has a role in fostering democratic discourse, promoting human development, and holding governments and corporations accountable. Ultimately, civil society is essential in creating vibrant and prosperous societies.